The most popular are the friction braking systems. These include both drum brakes and disc. Their designs differ greatly from one another, but due to their better heat dissipation and better performance, the latter slowly displaces the proven drum technique. Despite the differences in construction, the principle of braking is the same. The main task is to create a braking force that counteracts the forces acting on the accelerated vehicle, leading to its stopping.
The full brake system includes the brake pads, the water pump, the equalizer brake force distribution, the brake calipers, brake discs and a network peripheral in which the brake fluid is circulated, and also the brake pedal.